Portrait of the Artist as a Young Woman Killing Herself with a "coup de telephone" in MI 48105 (1975), for four female voices, is the second computer-assisted composition generated with MP1. Similar to the cantus firmi in Renaissance music, fragments of five popular tunes, treated as Markov chains, are reproduced with various degrees of accuracy. The text:
I cannot judge by myself; I judge as I am bidden, and my sentence is just because my aim is not my own will but the will of him who sent me" (John 5:30).
illustrates the creative collaboration between the University of Michigan Terminal System and the human composer.
From http://ems.music.uiuc.edu/people/tipei/Comp/Scores/portrait.pdf :
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Woman Killing Herself with a coup de telephone by Sever Tipei and The University of Michigan Terminal System
"I cannot judge by myself; I judge as I am bidden, and my sentence is just because my aim is not my own will but the will of him who sent me."
was chosen for its ability to stimulate the sensibility of The University of Michigan Terminal System and, also, to accurately describe our creative relationship.From http://ems.music.uiuc.edu/people/tipei/ :
Sever Tipei, Professor of Music and Manager Computer Music Project of the University of Illinois Experimental Music Studios, Composition-Theory Division School of Music University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
Sever Tipei was born in 1943 in Bucharest, Romania, immigrated to the
United States in 1972 and became a U.S. citizen in 1978. He holds degrees
in composition from the University of Michigan and in piano performance
from the Bucharest Conservatory (now National University of Music in
Bucharest). Sever Tipei has been teaching since 1978 at the
University of Illinois School of Music
where he manages the
Computer Music Project
of the UIUC
Experimental Music Studios .
Sever Tipei was also a visiting scientist at the
Argonne National Laboratory between 1993 and 2003.
his program for computer-assisted composition in use between 1973 and 1998, was the
first such program to be implemented on a supercomputer
( NCSA 's CRAY X-MP), in 1986. In
collaboration with Hans Kaper, Senior Mathematician at Argonne, Tipei is developing an
Environmentfor Music Composition (EMC), which includes software for composition, sound
synthesis, automatic music notation, and visualization of music in a virtual
DISSCO,sourceFORGE.net is part of EMC and represents a
unified approach to composition and sound synthesis.
Tipei and Kaper are also pursuing the idea of
sonification of complex scientific data.
Tipei regards the computer as a collaborator whose skills and abilities complement those of the human artist. He sees the composition of music both as an experimental and a speculative endeavor that delivers a particular world view.
MP1, a Computer Program for Music Composition (.pdf file), Sever Tipei, Proc. Second Annual Music Computation Conference, (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, November 1975), pp. 68-82.